MYOG No. 7 – Flat tarp 2 person ultralight

Spacious 2 person tarp on the Loowit Trail
Spacious 2 person tarp on the Loowit Trail

GEAR: Flat 2-person ultralight tarp

WEIGHT: 10 ounces including 10 titanium stakes

DIMENSIONS: 9′ x 10.5′

COST TO MAKE: $210 (shared components with solo tarp poncho)

USE: As an ultralight 2 person shelter in dry to mild conditions

WILL I USE IT?: Yep. I have and I will continue to use it

I love my solo tarp-poncho, but what about when I want to camp with my man? That’s what this amazing, insanely light 2 person tarp is for! It’s simple, easy, versatile, super ultra light weight and compact. It weighs a measley 10 oz included stakes and guy lines.

Interior shot
Interior shot

I designed and constructed the flat tarp with 0.34 oz/sqyd Cuben Fiber (tarp body), single sided cuben fiber tape and double sided cuben fiber tape (reinforcement), 1.43 oz/sqyd Cuben Fiber adhesive material (tie outs), D-rings and mittenhooks (removable tie out hardwear), zline 1.25 mm spectra cord and micro line loc guy line adjusters (guy lines), single sided cuben fiber tape and double sided cuben fiber tape (reinforcement), and titanium ultralight tent stakes. I was able to reuse the guy line components I constructed for my solo tarp poncho.

Smooth setup
Smooth setup

I cut the cuben to length and attached the two pieces together lengthwise using double sided cuben tape and stitching with polyester thread for strength, then added single sided cuben tape for waterproofing.

I designed the tie outs for maximum strength. The tie outs were cut by hand with rounded edges to minimize strain. The tarp corner is sandwiched between two offset layers of cuben on either side. Tie outs are reinforced with polyester stitching. I incorporated D-rings for guy line removability. Guy lines clip to D rings on tie outs with mitten hooks.

How does it compare to commercially available gear? Zpacks sells rectangular tarps comparable in size for $255-$275 ($50-$65 more than it cost to make this one), although the tarps available are in a thicker 0.5 oz/sqyd cuben fiber.

The tarp in all her glory
The tarp in all her glory

How does it perform? Great!

Jared and I have used the tarp on the Wonderland Trail around Mt Rainier and on the Loowit Trail around Mt St Helens. The tarp has yet to experience rain, thanks to the dry Northwest weather. But so far it’s a success! It is incredibly spacious and more than roomy enough for the two of us and our gear. It gives us shelter when we need some buffering from the elements (we’re certain an elk came into our camp one night, but thanks to the tarp it did not stomp on us) and could be used in drizzly conditions.

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MYOG No. 6 – Cuben Fiber Tarp/Poncho

Set up in VT rains
Set up in VT rains

GEAR: Cuben Fiber Tarp Poncho

WEIGHT: 7.9 ounces including stakes

DIMENSIONS: 54″ x 108″ (1.5 yds x 3 yds)

COST TO MAKE: ~$200

WILL I USE IT?: I have and I will continue to. So far used in VT and WA. I will continue to use it on my solo ultralight adventures.

I needed a shelter for my Long Trail thru hike, so why not make a bomber super ultralight shelter/poncho to save as much weight as possible?

Set up on a boulder at Colchuck Lake in the Enchantments
Set up on a boulder at Colchuck Lake in the Enchantments

Instead of carrying my 7 oz rain jacket – which is great and very light and waterproof (the Patagonia M10) PLUS a 1 lb+ shelter, I can carry my tarp/poncho which weighs in at 7.9 oz INCLUDING stakes. Plus, it kind of looks like an octopus suit – with a opaque blue hooded portion and translucent body – which, let’s face it, is awesome.

I wanted an absurdly ultralight shelter that I could use to sleep under and use as waterproof breathable rain gear while hiking. There are a few products on the market that are similar (e.g., Zpacks Micro Ground sheet $175 – a ground sheet not shelter mind you, MLD Cuben Fiber Poncho $175 – no breathable portion, Six Moon Designs Gatewood Cape $110 – silnylon).

Interior view
Interior view

The tarp/poncho was made using 0.51 oz/sqyd cuben fiber (tarp body), 1.62 oz/sqyd “Challenger” Waterproof Breathable Cuben Fiber-eVent (breathable hood/chest), 1.0 oz/sqyd cuben fiber (tie outs), D-rings and mittenhooks (removable tie out hardwear), zline 1.25 mm spectra cord and micro line loc guy line adjusters (guy lines), single sided cuben fiber tape and double sided cuben fiber tape (reinforcement), and titanium ultralight tent stakes.

Tie outs are designed for strength
Tie outs are designed for strength

I drew up the layout and made tests using Tyvek. I cut a large hole in the 0.5 cuben for the breathable portion and hood. The waterproof breathable portion was designed to allow heat and moisture escape the body of the poncho around the chest, head, and neck while hiking hard and exerting maximum energy. I made the hood using Challenger waterproof breathable cuben fiber eVent fabric, taped seams, and added drawcord and cord lock then fitted fitted the two pieces (tarp and poncho) together – adhered with double sided cuben tape, sewn with polyester thread, and taped with single sided cuben tape for waterproofing.

I designed the tie outs for maximum strength and durability. Much thought went into optimum design in order to minimize stress and strain in one seamless, edgeless single piece of cuben fiber. I wanted to avoid several pieces of fabric which would compromise the cuben strength by breaking the long strands of dyneema thread. I also wanted to avoid sharp edges and corners which could create weak spots in the piece. The tie outs were laser cut for seamlessness and cut with rounded edges to minimize strain. The tarp corner is sandwiched between two offset layers of cuben on either side. Tie outs are adhered to tarp corners and edges with double sided cuben tape and reinforced with polyester stitching. Ideally the tie outs would be adhered rather than taped, however, due to adhesion difficulties I opted to adhere with strong double sided cuben tape instead. I incorporated D-rings for guy line removability. Guy lines clip to D rings on tie outs with mitten hooks.

Cinching the hood
Cinching the hood

How does it perform? Perfectly!

The tarp is just big enough to fit 5’2″ me underneath on my Thermarest and sleeping bag. So, it’s cozy. But it works like a charm. Thus far I have used the tarp on camping adventures in the Washington Enchantments and on the Vermont Long Trail.

I used the tarp as shelter in soaking, humid Vermont rain and amazingly stayed dry. I cinched the hood closed and had no problems with water dripping in.  Backsplash was surprizingly minimal, considering the tarp does not come all the way to the ground but instead leaves a several-inch gap (bigger at the head tapering to the feet). I also used an ultralight umbrella over the front opening of the a-frame for added rain protection, which I would continue in future rains, particularly in windy rainy conditions. The breathable eVent portion seemed to allow more moisture through the fabric pores which left the surface of the center of my sleeping bag damp after 8-10 hours overnight in steady rain – which I noticed but did not affect the sleeping bag performance even with the high humidy/inability of anything to dry. This is not a deal breaker, but something to keep in mind especially in cold and rainy conditions.

It holds up in VT rains
It holds up in VT rains

When used as a poncho, it also works great. The poncho is big enough to go over and around my pack, and longer in front so when walking through wet brush and overgrown trail I stay dry. I wore the poncho in Vermont rains and stayed dry when possible (however, I also got wet in sideways wind and driving rain, but I’d expect to get wet in any rain jacket in those conditions). The waterproof breathable portion kept me from overheating and oversweating. Also as a plus I don’t have to worry about rain pants because the poncho covers my legs or about a pack cover because the poncho goes around my pack.

Overall: the Cuben Fiber Tarp/Poncho is an excellent piece of minimalist lightweight gear. The design and production went great. It performs well as both a tarp and a poncho (and pack cover!). And there are so many ounces of savings. A resounding success.

MYOG No. 5 – Cuben Fiber Roll Top Dry Bag

GEAR: Cuben Fiber Roll Top Dry Bag

WEIGHT: 0.7 ounces

DIMENSIONS: 10″ x 24″ pseudo envelope

COST TO MAKE: ~$15

BEST USE: Sleeping bag waterproof stuff sack

WILL I USE IT?: I use it all the time

Bottom
Bottom

Want the most ultralight gear possible? Yes please. Shave a few grams by switching out the silnylon compression sack for a waterproof roll top cuben fiber dry bag? Why not? Keep my bag extra dry with another layer of waterproofing? Sure! I made a few pieces of gear in preparation for the rainy thru-hike that is the VT Long Trail and this is one of them.

IMG_8517
Bag with roll top closure

The dry bag is made using 1.0 oz/sqyd cuben fiber, single sided cuben fiber tape (waterproofing), and one 1/2″ side release buckle. I sewed the fabric into a tube shape, sewed the middle of the bottom together, then sewed and cut the corners to create a bottom to the bag so that it has more shape than an envelope. I added reinforcement stitching so the bag can withstand the pressure of my sleeping bag trying to burst it open, and added single sided cuben tape for extra waterproofing/seam taping. The roll top closure holds shape by folding the top edge over and with an extra piece of folded over cuben fiber. The buckle is attached and sewn to the bag top.

Side reinforcement stitching
Side reinforcement stitching

Does it work? Yes! It fits my feathered friends egret 20 down bag perfectly. I’ve used it over 50 days of compression and going strong.

MYOG No.4 – Cuben Fiber eVent Rain Mitts

GEAR: Cuben Fiber eVent Rain Mitts

WEIGHT: 0.55 ounces

DIMENSIONS: perfectly sized to fit my hands

COST TO MAKE: ~$15 ($30-$50 savings)

USE: Over mitts for use in the rain to keep my hands dry and warm

WILL I USE IT?: Yes. I have used them and will continue to use them.

Getting ready to hike the Long Trail in Vermont means getting ready for rain. Vermont is often called Vermud, and you can’t have mud without water. And this means rain. I hiked the LT in June-July of 2015. It was the rainiest June on record in Vermont. I was happy to have my tarp/poncho, but also my rain mitts.

Rain mitts
Rain mitts

With extra Cuben Fiber-eVent laying around, making rain overmitts was an obvious choice.

The mitts were made using 1.62 oz/sqyd “Challenger” Waterproof Breathable Cuben Fiber-eVent material, 1mm polyester cord for the drawcords, and tiny cord locks. Comparable products on the market include: ZPacks Challenger Rain Mitts $65, MLD eVent Rain Mitts $45.

Glove top
Glove top

I made the pattern by tracing my hand and enlarging that shape. A few test mitts were taped together simply with paper and one test round was produced with a Tyvek medium. Each glove is made simply from three pieces of fabric – the top front, bottom front, and back – each with portions of the thumb. I cut each piece from the eVent material which I then sewed together with polyester thread, and seam sealed the interior seams with single sided cuben tape. Draw cords channels were sewn in and draw cord was fed through and cinched with a cord lock.

Glove bottom
Glove bottom

How do they hold up? Pretty great. I first used them on a blustery day on Mount Washington in Washington. The mitts kept my hands – as predicted – dry and warm! I was surprised to learn that with the right touch I can somehow even use the camera on my phone in the rain – through the rain mitts, my eCase, and etip gloves. Excellent for taking pictures in the rain but not having to take off the gloves and get my gloves or hands wet. I have also used them on rainy Vermont hikes. They keep my hands and liner gloves dry.  A production success.